Which Cryptocurrencies Should You Invest In 2020?

Cryptocurrencies have altered the landscape of investment in recent years. Should you invest in them in 2020? Read on.

Are you looking for the best way to invest your hard-earned money so that you can get maximum returns from it? Do you want to invest in cryptocurrencies but don’t know which will be the best to invest in this 2020?

Cryptocurrencies took the world by storm in 2017 with a whopping 1500% increase in bitcoin price, and this has led to an increased number of investors. However, because of the price volatility of cryptocurrencies, you need to know the right cryptocurrency to invest in, and that’s why this article is written.

Below are 2 cryptocurrencies to watch out for if you considering exploring the new frontier in 2020:

1. Bitcoin (BTC)

Bitcoin is the largest cryptocurrency on the crypto market. Since the creation of Bitcoin, it has grown through much criticism and disdain to become the most valuable cryptocurrency all over the world. The current price of Bitcoin is something to write home about, but more than that, it promises to break more grounds in the future, and 2020 will probably kick-start a new progress.

Bitcoin has a maximum supply of 21 million Bitcoins; presently, over 85% of the cryptocurrency has been mined with only about 3 million left to be mined. This already sets the tone for scarcity with the world’s population teeming to nearly 8 billion people. As the fight for a decentralized system rises more and more, there is an expected steady growth in the adoption of Bitcoin as a mode of payment.

In 2020, Bitcoin will still be the most dominant cryptocurrency and first choice for any investor seeking for a safer investment in the cryptocurrency ecosystem. More so because Bitcoin will undergo “halving – a situation in which the Bitcoin block reward is halved.”

When Bitcoin halved in 2012, it moved significantly from $11 to $1,100 within a year; the second halving in 2017 birthed an unbelievable $700 to over $20,000 rise at the end of 2017. It may be hard to precisely determine what Bitcoin may rise to this year, but it will be massive with an expected 1000% increase.

Read Also: Investing in 2020: what you need to know

2. Ethereum (ETH)

Ethereum was created by Vitalik Buterin in 2014 as a support for building crypto-based decentralized applications. Ether is the cryptocurrency of the Ethereum blockchain.

Ethereum peaked towards the start of 2018 when 1 ETH was worth over $1,400. Ether, today, is worth about $200 despite the many negative comments the technology has faced since its inception. As a strong support for creating many other cryptocurrencies, Ethereum will surely be a sought-after cryptocurrency in 2020, especially for those who are seeking to offer decentralized services.

Its smart contracts can encourage activities that will assist organizations to perform better and optimize their business processes effectively.  Ethereum transactions are quick with transaction time as low as 15-20 seconds. This makes Ether cash an ideal instrument for exchanging cash, and this will help to foster more adoption in the coming months.

Ethereum also intends to launch the Ethereum 2.0 in 2020 to improve security and empower significantly faster transactions. All of these make Ethereum a viable cryptocurrency to invest in 2020.

Read Also: Investing in 2020: What You Must Know

Final Words

Cryptocurrency or the blockchain tech is a big deal which has not been fully unveiled.

As technological innovations such as machine learning, cognitive automation, and artificial intelligence are growing, the crypto tech will also gain ground by fixing the security issues common to those technological innovations. Eventually, investments on cryptocurrencies would yield very high ROIs.

Investing in 2020: what you need to know

2020 is here and for investors, knowing what to do is essential to keep the winning edge. Here are some pointers to a profitable future.

It is never too soon to jump into the investment market. While many people think you need lots of capital or a degree in economics to invest, that’s far from truth. What you do need is an understanding of the market. Knowledge beats everything, particularly when it comes to investing.

So let’s say you’re ready to take the step. You want to start doing more than just saving up some money here and there. There is every need to be able to take the right decisions and be set for the future. While 2020 is already here, the market is looking great – as long as you know what to invest in.

When investing in stocks…

Stay with the big tech

This should be a no-brainer, but it’s good to always mention it. While there’s a certain expectation that the market will enter a recession in the short-to-midterm, recessions won’t necessarily harm everyone. Historically speaking, in fact, it’s the riskier investments that turn out worse during recession.

So for 2020, your best bet will be to stay with big, established, tech companies. That means you should look at giants like Google, Amazon, Disney, Netflix, Microsoft, Apple, and the like.

Even companies like Facebook could do well – they’re already established and stable and thus the risk is minimal with them even if a recession hit. Market dampeners will make stocks tumble no doubt, but it’s quite likely it will recover once the recession is over.

Locate penny stocks with potential

Now, if a recession doesn’t necessarily hit – which means there’s definitely room for growth in the market. A common investment pattern for newer, smaller investors is to look at penny stocks. These are stocks that are very cheap, usually under $1/each.

Now, penny stocks naturally won’t give you the investment returns that, say, having stake in Amazon will. But penny stocks require much less money to invest and they can surge quite quickly, at times doubling or tripling their value within months.

The plan here would be looking at a market you understand and then going for an emergent company within it. Who is innovating, and doing things that will sure become commonplace in the future? Those are your penny stock ideals.

Just as well, long-established companies that are underdogs but gearing up for major releases can be great investments. As an example, AMD’s stock quintupled its value between 2016 and 2017. A 400% ROI in a year is amazingly good, and many people obtained that (or even more – the stock sits at 1500% its 2016 value as of this writing) for a relatively low investment.

Go global and use online brokers

It used to be that investors were locked to only trading whatever stocks their regional markets had.

That’s not the case anymore.

While decades ago trading on foreign stocks meant lots of expensive, annoying long-distance phone calls, these days, there are online brokers, such as eToro, that can allow you to participate in foreign markets just as easily as you can in local ones.

As an investor, make use of it. Not all huge companies are American, and not all companies that are expected to surge in 2020 is in the US. In fact, by having stocks in different markets, you hedge your bets – after all, your Samsung stock isn’t likely to lose value if the NYC market crashes.

Diversify, not only in the companies you invest in, but also the countries and markets you use.

When investing in Cryptocurrencies…

Buy low and sell high is king

When it comes to cryptocurrencies, most people making money are doing so by buying when a token is cheap, then sitting on it as it appreciates. This is how many people made hundreds of thousands, some even millions, of dollars in Bitcoin: By buying when it was cheap (or when it released, when it was about $1/BTC) and then sitting on it until it was worth a lot – for example, when it surpassed the $10,000 mark in 2017.

While it’s unlikely anyone will ever see the massive ROI like people who bought BTC in 2009 and sold it in late 2017, that’s still the best approach towards crypto investments: Look for tokens that are likely to appreciate. Wait until they bottom out. Then buy, to sell later.

Go with margin trading

There are other methods of making money with cryptocurrencies. Short-term, or margin trading, is a common one – and the weapon of choice of many people playing the crypto market.

The trick with margin trading is learning the market and knowing what to expect in the very short term.

Some margin traders might keep a stock for a few days, but the most common type of margin trading – that is, day trading with leverage – this gets people buying and selling tokens within the same day. The profit is thin for each transaction, but the sheer amount of transactions and the volumes you’ll be buying and selling (plus the leverage money) will more than make up for it.

Locate new crypto goldmine

Lead tokens rise all the time, as older tokens fall. Not all tokens have the staying power of Bitcoin and Ethereum, and every year, we see that the tokens that once were thought to be safe bets all but disappear.

The crypto market is yet to settle. As is common with technology, every year, new implementations of blockchain (Cryptocurrency’s base technology) appear, often bringing improvements and new uses for the technology.

This makes new tokens with lots of potential appear all the time. Not all tokens with potential will make it, but some will – and a few years from now, we’ll sure have stories about a new token people bought during the IEO and sold years later at a huge profit just as we have them from BTC and ETH.

Look for what new tokens are out there, or which tokens that have been around are having their day in the sun. Then go for those. And as always, remember to buy low and sell high.

In the end…

The investment market shouldn’t scare you. Even when there’s talk of a recession, that talk has been there for year – and the recession is yet to come. It could come in 2020, but it could also come in 2022 instead.

When it comes to investing, time is money. The day to get started on investments isn’t when the economy is stable, and the future looks rosy and perfect – that just never happens.

An incoming recession means there might be an increased risk, yes, but bigger risk implies bigger rewards. Let’s not forget that, while many people lost everything during the last US recession and housing crisis, some people instead made fortunes as well.

Those people making fortunes. They were investors who knew what to look for and what to bet on.

The 9 Leading Factors Affecting The Price of Gold

Gold is highly-prized as a store of value. However,there are factors that leads to a drop or spike in its price. Let’s look at these closely.

Gold is used all over the world as a store of value. Gold price is oft referenced because it is continually traded, and this has been so for thousands of years. The spot price might fluctuate with market conditions, but it is judged as highly valuable

 Here, we are going to analyze the nine factors that affect the price of gold for for investors who might be interested in gold trading.

  • Global Crisis

Global economic and political factors affect the price of gold because it is considered the source of geopolitical and economic turmoil. When people lose confidence in their governments or market, the price of gold tends to rise, and the reassurance with their situation softens the market price.

  • Inflation

The prices of gold may fluctuate but what you can buy with it remains stable for a long time. Hence, holding gold is used as a hedge against currency devaluation and inflation. Investors buy gold for holding when they can project that the value of their paper money is going to decline.

  • Value of the U.S. Dollar

The U.S. dollar, one of the main currencies for international trade, has an inverse relation with the price of gold. When the gold is strong dollar is weak and vice versa.

  • Central Bank Instability

When the central banks and other dominant banks go through a deficit problem, the paper currency tends to lose its value. Therefore some investors see holding gold as a way to protect their wealth ,which invariably boosts the demand and price of gold.

  • Interest Rates

When the interest rates increase, people trade their gold to get funds for other investment opportunities. When the interest rates decrease, the gold price goes up again because of low opportunity cost in gold holding compared to other options.

  • Government Reserves

Central banks hold gold as a reserve currency along with their paper money. When they buy more gold than they are selling, this takes the prices of gold higher.

  • Jewelry and Industry

Not just a valuable investment but half of the demand for gold is for jewelry from around the world. India and China have huge gold reserves. About twelve percent of gold demand comes from its industrial application.

  • Gold Production

Annual gold production is about 2,500 metric tons while annual gold supply to the world is estimated to be 165,000 metric tons. The cost of production can influence the price of gold. When the production cost rises, miners sells out their gold to get the benefit.

  • Supply vs. Demand

By simple economic rule, when the demand for gold in the market increases the prices also rise high. However, unlike other currencies, the price of gold remains fairly stable for a long time and the fluctuations might be due to currency fluctuations or some uncertainties.

Conclusion

Gold will endure in the realm of men for a long time. With its value and occurrence remaining highly -prized, you can sure its worth will continue to soar.

Individual Retirement Accounts and Current Trends

IRAs are important as they undergird the future for the working class. What if your IRA company goes bankrupt? What will you do? Read on to find out more.

My Gold IRA company went bankrupt. What now?

It’s a nightmare scenario for most people, particularly those close to retirement: They’ve made investments all of their lives to secure a future, but suddenly the company keeping them says they have no money.

What happens now? Is everything going to be fine, or have you lost all your savings and have to start over again?

We’ll start with the good news: In most cases, your savings will be covered by government-mandated insurance.

Note how we say most.

How insurance works on IRAs

The US government mandates that all IRA accounts need to be covered for at least $250,000. This cover is expected to be used in cases of funds going missing, as could happened during massive disasters.

If your company closes and for some reason your investments aren’t there (but they’re in the books) you should be covered. You should also be covered if your company falls victim to a robbery that funnels its funds, including the retirement funds and investments of its clients.

The $250,000 number is also a baseline – many IRA companies have insurance for two, three, or even ten times that much. Even if it’s a gold IRA, that should cover your IRA savings. Plus, we have a small detail with gold bars: They’re physical, bullion bars that should still be there anyway.

How gold bars make it simple

Any decent IRA provider will also refuse to be the sole custodian. Instead, most gold bars are kept in secure locations under tight government regulation, such as the Delaware Depository.

As long as your gold IRA puts your bars there, you should still have your investment even if the company disappears. Gold, after all, isn’t liquid and can’t be spent by accident, nor would it be at all easy to funnel gold bars from the facilities where they’re stored.

In most cases, what would happen is that the government would contact you to arrange a transfer of funds towards different management. Another company would take over, and you would barely feel the change. Great, isn’t it?

Well, that’s only if the bankruptcy is due to lack of funds. Things can get much more complicated if there’s fraud involved.

What about IRA fraud?

Most people investing in their IRA never get to see their shares, valuables, or even savings in physical form. They just see numbers on a screen or paper representing them, and assume the company is keeping them safe.

In most cases, companies do keep those things safe and transparently. However, it’s not unheard of for the management of a company like these to get a little bit happy about how funds are managed and on occasion tap onto them. Sometimes, tapping onto them often enough to make the company go broke.

If that’s the case things get a bit more complicated, depending on your actual standing.

Is your IRA company legal?

This is the question that will drive what happens then. If your IRA company was legally registered with the IRS and followed with its regulations – that is, if the company was legal to the government’s eyes, – you’re in luck.

You should be able to retrieve your investments without more than a headache or two. If you’re a victim to IRA fraud in a company the government considered legal, government-backed insurance will kick in.

It’s more complicated if you put your money on an unregistered IRA.

Unregistered IRAs are by definition illegal, and therefore you won’t be covered by any laws that protect IRA customers in these cases. If you put your money on an unregistered IRA you have been the victim of fraud, as the money is gone and there’s no insurance to back it up – nor will there be trustable books to confirm what you had.

In this case, a very long investigation will likely take place, where the IRS will try to ascertain how much each of the victims had stolen from them and in what form. If you’re lucky, they’ll be able to salvage enough from the criminal’s assets to pay you back.

You’re not likely to get lucky.

In most cases, the criminal will have either already spent the money or funneled offshore into banks and investments that can’t be tracked or confiscated. In this case, it’s more likely than not that you will, in fact, have lost everything.

The takeaway: Avoid IRA fraud at all costs

One of the most important decisions you’ll make about your finances will be your IRA manager and custodian, precisely because of this. Your IRA money is only safe if your company is legal. As such, you must do your homework before signing up with anyone. Get references. Ask around. Investigate. Even calling the IRS to make sure the company is in the clear might be necessary.

Do all that, simply because that will give you peace of mind. Having a properly registered IRA manager will protect you against anything that could happen with that money. Don’t take risks with your future, and only put your investments in the hands of people who have the legal clearance to manage it.

The Burgeoning World of Private Equity Firms: What You Need To Know

Private equity firms are growing by the numbers in today’s world. What do they do? How can they make a difference? Read on..

Private Equity Firms: What are they?

The investment market isn’t immune to trends. While most trends come in the form of specific stocks, values, or markets to invest in (for example, cryptocurrencies,) there are always outlier trends, trends that aren’t so much expectations about the market but tricks and methods to optimize investment.

Sometimes, these trends are sold as ways to make people rich quickly with a minimal amount of work.

Private equity firms are one of the trends we see currently. The concept itself has been in the news often, usually blaming them for people getting laid off or praising them for creating new jobs, with most people unable to understand just what equity firms do.

How do these firms work?

A private equity firm is, to put it simply, a conglomerate of investors who get together to purchase companies or businesses in a private manner – that is, outside the stock markets. The earnings these businesses receive (i.e., the equity) is then divided among those investors who chipped in to take over the company.

Although simplistic, that’s basically how it works: A bunch of people with money get together, pool their money into a private equity firm, and share both the risks and the proceeds of such venture.

Usually, this is done through already existing private equity firms, although it’s not uncommon for individuals to start their own.

Are they good or bad?

As with everything in business, this will depend on who you ask – and the specific private equity firm you look into. In theory, a private equity firm taking over shouldn’t be any different than having a new board of investors for publicly traded companies. After all, that’s literally what such takeovers mean.

However, the experience many workers have had with these firms is quite different. While it’s no secret that public investors often try to get the most money they can out of businesses, there are two sides to the stock market that keep these attitudes relatively in check.

First, who owns how much of each company is known. And second, the most valuable companies in the stock market (say, Amazon or Apple) are mainstays and it’s in the investors’ best interests to sacrifice short-term gain for long-term stability.

This is not necessarily true of private equity firms. The relative anonymity these firms give allows certain savagely capitalistic players to act in ways that, were they to be made public, would likely damage their images – and those of their companies.

Private equity firms effectively lessen this, because it’s often impossible to know who is behind the company.

There’s a second issue, although closely related. Private equity firms are known for often acting in extreme ways once they take over, sacrificing long-term stability for short-term earnings, often forcing companies to cannibalize themselves and their own market.

 This leads these companies that have been taken over to end up bankrupt, its employees laid off, all to fill the pockets of people who already had much more money than the company’s workers.

Is there an upside?

One might argue that the operating strategy that these firms use could lead to better economic development, as many of the pressures of public trading, such as stock price variations, don’t exist.

And that is true. A properly managed private equity firm can indeed help a company, or a whole industry, flourish under the guidance of leading experts.

However, this doesn’t always happen – partly because some of the biggest actors in the market are only in it for the money, with little interest in making things better.

Conclusion

The fact that some firms are there to drive companies to the ground doesn’t mean they all will. Some private equity firms will indeed act in ways that will better the market, and we can hope with time the good companies will outweigh the bad.

How To Optimize Your Self-Directed IRA

IRAs are gaining attention around the globe. How best can you optimize them? That is the subject of this guide.

Best Hacks On Self-Directed IRAs

In order to understand the basic misconceptions about the IRA, we first need to have a full grasp of what an IRA is, and what is the major difference between traditional and self-directed IRA.

An IRA or Individual Retirement Account is a way to save money for post-retirement with tax-free benefits. It is an investment option designed for building saving funds for the time of your retirement.

The concept of self-directed IRA has been introduced for quite a long time now, but people are still not comfortable with the idea and have various concerns about it.

 There are multiple misconceptions about the use of funds in self-directed IRA that should be clarified for the better understanding and benefit of common folks

Self-directed IRA is a magnificent financial tool that can help you to generate a huge amount of wealth easily and legally. It opens a huge range of investment options for you that can have huge valuations for your portfolio.

Traditional VS Self Directed IRAs

There is a very small but major difference between the two types of IRA. The difference is about the authority of the custodian about the investment restrictions in either type of IRA.

The custodian has a much more active role in traditional IRA, and it decides the investment direction of your funds. It usually allows people to invest only in areas like bonds, stocks, annuities, and mutual funds, and no other form of investment is welcomed.

Whereas, in self-directed IRA, the custodian doesn’t have that much active role in investment options. The custodian’s responsibilities are limited to mainly tax management and allow you to manage your investments as you desire.

Hence, for self-directed IRA, one can have multiple investment options, in addition to the traditional options, like real estate investment, new start-ups, cryptocurrency, etc.

Self-Directed IRA Misconceptions

Many people have certain misconceptions about the mechanism and processing of the self-directed IRA.

These misconceptions misguide them badly and lead to bad investment decisions and negative financial consequences. So, here we have enlisted all these major concerns to clarify them once and for all.

1. The first misconception is about investment options. As discussed above, traditional IRAs have a limited room for investment options. The reason for the fixed policy is that conventional markets are relatively easier to engage with and monitor compared to alternative options.

For example,cryptocurrency is a very risky investment option that can be unacceptable for traditional IRAs. On the other hand, the self-directed IRA has no such issues and are open to every kind of investment option.

2. The next misconception about self-directed IRAs is that these firms have absolute authority over the money. Whether traditional or self-directed, no IRA firm has any such authority. Their mere responsibility and control are about keeping your money safe.

They can’t invest your money without your permission, and even after investing, you have the authority to cancel their access to your funds.

3. Another common misunderstanding of people is that real estate investments in self-directed IRAs could be used personally. It is not true at all. The only purpose of the IRA-based real estate investment is to make a profit. You can’t use the property or live in it.

4. The biggest misconception of self-directed IRAs is about their legality. The non-traditional investments are generally considered illegal.

Cryptocurrencies, tax liens, venture capitalism, etc. all these are legal forms of investment, where markets are regulated by safety measures and laws.

Uncertainty is at the core of investment. Just because alternative investment options are not widely discussed doesn’t elevate them as riskier than traditional methods.

Real estate is the safest investment option while cryptocurrency is volatile but not overly risky.

 Even in traditional investment options like bonds and stock, uncertainty is inevitable. The more you concentrate on one specific market the higher the risk will be. In any investment market, the simple and best way to avoid risk is diversification.

Conclusion

The self-directed IRA makes you more empowered concerning your fund investment.

You have more liberty to make more money compared to traditional methods by adopting alternative ways.

Take advantage of the greater options and the possible gains available for you and get benefited excessively in your future.

Trading ETFs: Strategies You Need To Know

ETFs belong to a growing sphere of investment that hugs the headlines in financial markets around the globe. Here are important strategies for trading in them.

ETF Strategies for Traders

ETFs usually track the bonds, stocks or index, and other securities. These can be extensive market indexes like Nasdaq or Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Bond Index, targeted regional indexes, or niche indexes.

ETF might have hundreds of securities in their portfolio that tend to create prompt diversification to help in reducing the risk, as compared to owning individual stocks.

There is also some chance to further expand by structuring a basic portfolio with multiple ETFs. Each of these ETFs will hold a different type of security across asset classes.

ETF adoption is growing fast due to being a tax-efficient mode to continue with your investment ideas and through providing a low-cost and flexible mean to enter the potential of the markets.

At the start of the 21st century, the ETF assets were even less than $100 billion. Now, by 2018 the ETF assets have exceeded $4.7 trillion around the world and are still increasing its number of products.

According to an estimation by BlackRock, by 2023, ETF assets will rise to more than $12 trillion.

Let’s have a look at each of its characteristics in detail.

  • Choice

First of all, you need to determine what you are looking for. Whether you are a retiree that is shopping for funds to have some speedy source of income, or you are a Millennial who has just switched his job and now trying to find a way to roll over your assets so that they could help them after retirement.

There are almost 1800 ETFs that are enlisted in the US, and BlackRock’s ETF business, iShares have about 300 to offer just in the US, and more than 800 around the world, which represents a huge range of geographical regions and asset classes.

You have the option to select an ETF portfolio that is most suitable for you, your passion and your goals.

Do you want to reflect your value through your money? With viable iShare ETFs, you don’t need to go against your personal beliefs while investing.

 For example, if you are an environmentalist, you can always invest in companies dedicated to providing positive environmental, governance and social business practices.

Or if you want to invest in some long-term future-shaping forces, like rising technology, various ETFs are there offering collaboration with companies that work in technological advances and also working to shape our global society and economy.

  • Value

Investing in mutual funds that are being actively managed can be a bit costly as their professional asset managers and all the researching staff has to be paid for their working and the decisions they make.

iShares ETFs usually charge a very small amount of fees. It can be said that iShares ETFs charged fees in on average, one-third of an active mutual fund, and still they generate half the tax compared to the average of an active mutual fund.

The value keeps adding up. By 30 years, hypothetical investment of $10,000 made in an active open-end mutual fund with a fees of 0.96%, the monthly assistance of $1,000 and an expected compounded rate of 8% for return, will be likely to grow to an amount of $1.2 million and is going to lead to $270,000 in the fees.

Keeping every other calculation same for an ETF charging 0.34% fees, it will be likely to rise up to $1.4 million and leading to just $100,000 in fees.

  • Accessibility

Get in the game without any hassle. One of the major benefits of ETFs is that you can sell and buy them all day round, similar to stocks. What you need for that is just a brokerage account.

For a mutual fund, you need to buy and sell typically through a mutual fund broker. You will get your reimbursement three days after you place your order, but according to the net value of the asset of the day when you placed your order.

But with ETFs, you don’t need to wait that long. Markets are open all the time and you can sell out whenever you want and get you to cash at the moment.

For some mutual funds, there is a limitation of buy-in or minimum amount that you have to invest. But there is no such limitation with ETFs. Buy your shares just as you buy stocks for individual companies without any minimum share. If you can afford the share price, you can buy it without any condition.

These differences make ETFs for young investors worth considering. You can also use ETF as a modern-day gift to cherish major events in your life like wedding, graduation, communions, etc.

iShares ETFs gives you the opportunity to choose from various options and make the most suitable choice to assist in your needs, with the transparency and assurance that you are getting right value for your money and investing in the easiest way that suits you.

But look at the bigger picture, you can use the iShares ETFs not only to help you to reach the goals of your life but also assist you to keep up with your personal passions.

Risks Involved in Investing, Including the Risk of Loss

The environmental, social, and governance investment strategy restricts the form and frequency of the investment choices available to the fund. It usually results in underperformance of the fund as compared to other funds that do not focus on ESG.

The ESG strategy of fund results in major investments in the industry of security fields that lead to overall market underperformance or underperformance of other funds that are selected for ESG standards.

Those funds that tend to concentrate their investments in specific sectors, industries, asset class or market might underperform or can be more volatile compared to other sectors, industries, asset classes or markets than the general securities market.

Conclusion

Technology companies tend to be more affected by product obsolescence and excessive competition. ETFs as well as shares’ transaction lead to commissions of brokerage and ultimately generate tax. Every investment company has to distribute portfolio returns to shareholders.

The fees related to funding investment are not just borne by the investors in individual bonds and stock. The investment comparisons are only for explanation. To have a better understanding of the differences and similarities between investments one must read the product prospectuses.